Anatomy of the Face

As part of the Master Scientific Illustration program I wrote a thesis on facial expression. The first part of the thesis was all about the general anatomy of the face, starting with the skull:

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Skull Ventral View

Ventral view of the skull

Skull Three Quarters View

Three quarter view of the skull

Skull Lateral View

Lateral view of the skull

The skull drawings I subsequently used to reconstruct the rest of the anatomy. Starting with the deepest muscles, adding more and more superficial muscles on top in every layer:

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Muscle Layer 1: Ventral

Ventral view of the first muscle layer

Muscle Layer 1: Three Quarter

Three quarter view of the first muscle layer

Muscle Layer 1: Lateral

Lateral view of the first muscle layer
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Muscle Layer 2: Ventral

Ventral view of the second muscle layer

Muscle Layer 2: Three Quarter

Three quarter view of the second muscle layer

Muscle Layer 2: Lateral

Lateral view of the second muscle layer
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Muscle Layer 3: Ventral

Ventral view of the third muscle layer

Muscle Layer 3: Three Quarter

Three quarter view of the third muscle layer

Muscle Layer 3: Lateral

Lateral view of the third muscle layer
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Muscle Layers 4: Ventral

Ventral view of the fourth muscle layer

Muscle Layer 4: Three Quarter

Three quarter view of the fourth muscle layer

Muscle Layer 4: Lateral

Lateral view of the fourth muscle layer
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Muscle Layer 5: Ventral

Ventral view of the fifth muscle layer

Muscle Layer 5: Three Quarter

Three quarter view of the fifth muscle layer

Muscle Layer 5: Lateral

Lateral view of the fifth muscle layer

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